Western Andévalo, Spain

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The Western Andévalo study site is located in the lower Guadiana basin, downriver of the Alqueva (Portugal) and Chanca (Spain) dams. The area has a typical Mediterranean climate with irregular and unreliable rainfall concentrated in the autumn/winter and summer drought. The shallow soils also have low organic matter content. Over recent decades the area has experienced a general reduction of population although the development of tourism in the coastal zone is helping to counteract this.

Principal LEDD problems
In 2003 the project “Regadio de Andévalo” was started with the intention of converting and irrigating 10,000 ha of marginal agricultural land to citrus plantation. Older citrus plantations have incorporated several kinds of soil erosion control measures whereas recent plantations have not. Socio-economically the area suffers from ageing, low labour opportunities and decline in population.

Responses to LEDD
Prior to this conversion, the landscape in Andévalo was dominated by two land uses i) (agro)-silvo-pastoral with a low tree density (montado/dehesa) and ii) eucalyptus stands and pine forests. The dehesa system is the traditional land use management in the area and, as a result of expansion in irrigation, is being reduced. However it is well-adapted to the climate and soils, and the grazing livestock (mainly pigs) produce the delicacy “Pata Negra”. The project “Regadio de Andévalo”  was launched as an economic incentive to try to lift the area out of the depressed state it is in.

2014-11-28 10:49:28