Timahdit, Morocco

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The Timahdit study site is located in the Middle Atlas Region, Morocco. The climate is semi-arid with hot summers and cold winters. Rainfall is concentrated in two periods, in winter and spring. The soils underlying pasture land are generally good quality. Water resources are abundant throughout the year in the south but are extremely limited in the north, especially after spring when the ephemeral ponds dry up. Vegetation includes several types of forest, grass and shrubland. Just over half the land is collectively owned, a quarter privately and a quarter nationally owned (although the land are commonly used throughout the year).

Principal LEDD problems
Increasing population in the 1940s and changes to the allocation of grazing land caused a breakdown in traditional transhumance. Now, constant and excessive grazing leads to over utilization and depletion of forage resources.

Responses to LEDD
By law, all people born in the area have legal grazing rights. Traditionally, land use was regulated by a council of elders; a chief of grass making the final decision on the regulation of common grazing and all grazing matters. Under the French Protectorate land use and management were placed under the guardianship of a council of the Ministry of the Interior.

2014-11-28 10:49:29