Matera, Italy

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The Matera study site is located in the Basilicata Region of southern Italy. The area is predominantly hilly with a typically Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cold, rainy winters. Land use is dominated by non-irrigated agricultural crops, especially wheat. Forests cover a quarter of the area and there are also olives and orchards in the coastal areas.

Principal LEDD problems
Forest fires impact strongly on forest landscapes; woodland tourist activities are widespread; there is irrational and uncontrolled grazing in the forest; there is generalised productivity decline, loss of biodiversity and ecosystem fragmentation; soil erosion is exacerbated by forest fire; water stress leads to phytosanitary deterioration of forest cover.

Responses to LEDD
There are a number of activities designed to reduce fire; management models have been developed to encourage sustainable tourism; Forest Management Plans are used to estimate resource availability in order to prevent land degradation and reduce loss of forest cover. “Measures of protection and conservation” of biodiversity have been drafted within “Rete Natura 2000”; the Tirennial Forestation Plan and the Tirennial Fire Protection plan define sustainable forest use; a “Regional programme for combating drought and desertification” is designed to prevent and mitigate soil erosion.

2014-11-28 10:49:30