Central Pyrenees, Spain

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The Spanish Central Pyrenees study site includes 11 municipalities (138364 ha ); 6 of those are directly influenced by Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park. The other 5 are influenced by ski resorts. Although between 1930 and 1990 the population declined significantly, the last decade most of them increased. The socioeconomic activity has change in the last 20 years, increasing the service sector due to the affluence of tourists, the main economic activity meanwhile the agro-silvo-pastoral activity has declined. Due to the observed land-use changes many former pastures and cultivated areas are developing towards shrublands and forests and it is thought to be one important driver for decreasing biodiversity, which is particularly relevant in this mountain ridge considered as one of the main biodiversity hot-spots of Europe.  

Principal LEDD problems
The traditional agro-silvo-pastoral activity is decreasing with consequent diminution of grasslands and an increase in shrub and forest cover, with the associated increase of fire risk.

Responses to LEDD
Two different strategies develops in response to LEDD: (i) intensive tourism development associated to the construction of alpine ski resorts; (ii) protection of natural areas as the Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park, with specific Management Plan for conservation. The area is covered by a legal regulatory regime for conservation, sustainable use and restoration of natural legacy and biodiversity; and public subsidies to improve infrastructure, and cultural and social activities in the rural areas.

2014-11-28 10:49:29