Canyoles River Basin, Spain

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The Canyoles River Basin (Xúquer, Valencia, Spain) is in the eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. It comprises two different landscapes

  • an abandoned mountainous hinterland and
  • a populated, intensively farmed valley area.

Principal LEDD problems

Land abandonment in the mountainous areas has triggered a loss in biodiversity because of lack of agricultural activities; forest fires, the loss of traditional knowledge, house building and a reduction of springs.

Agricultural intensification in the valley areas had caused: removal of traditional terraces, increasing soil erosion; biodiversity reduction; loss of landscape richness; aquifer depletion; reduced spring discharge; urbanization and soil sealing caused by increased infrastructure.

Responses to LEDD

Fire breaks, fire suppression and afforestation have been implemented in the mountainous rangeland.

New irrigation systems in the valley areas use advanced chemical agriculture techniques and are highly productive. The most extensive land management is the use of herbicides. Cover crops, mulch and organic farming to reduce soil degradation are used by only a few farmers.

2014-11-28 10:49:27