Baixo Guadiana, Portugal/Spain

Editor's note 9Sep12: Draft introduction. Note this page has to be edited with "no editor" to keep the google map. Eleni - the text of this introduction cannot be edited from the front end. You need to copy and paste into a word document, make the corrections using track changes and email it to Jane.

The landscape of the Baixo Guadiana study site is dominated by an undulating topography; soils are mainly shallow lithosols; the vegetation is mostly Montado - mattoral with dispersed trees; land use is dominantly agro-silvo-pastoral. Over the last century land use has determined by i) the Wheat Campaign (1930-1974), ii) the Reforma Agraria (1974 –late 1980s); iii) incentives derived from the Common Agricultural Policies of the EU (post 1986).

Principal LEDD problems
Often during the different social and physical land use incentives/polices the Alentejo region has been used for types of agriculture that exceeded the capacity of the ecosystem. Land degradation are common. The area suffers from a decline in the population there is a trend of people moving to the coast in the Algarve, the littorisation process.

Responses to LEDD
Land use changes are very dynamic in the area and responses to LEDD problems vary from land abandonment to the reclamation of abandoned land into areas for crops or livestock.

2014-11-28 10:49:30